Research Papers

Indian Youth at the Crossroads

Every third person in urban India is a youth. In less than a decade from now, India, with a median age of 29 years, will be the youngest nation in the world. In an economy that is not growing as it ou... Read More...
Published On: 01 Jan 2013


Internal Migration and Youth in India: Main Features,Trends and Emerging Challenges

This paper is part of a project that recognises that much like gender, ‘age’ is not simply a variable to be measured, but a framework that facilitates, constrains and ultimately contours migrant exper... Read More...
Published On: 01 Jan 2013


Self-Selection into Teaching: The Role of Teacher Education Institutions

Good teachers are critical for a high-quality educational system. This in turns leads to the question of who is interested in going into the teaching profession. Although research has been done on the... Read More...
Published On: 01 May 2008


This Time It‘s Different? Youth Labour Markets During ‘The Great Recession’

This paper looks at the effects of the ‘Great Recession’ on young people’s labour market experiences in the European Union. The paper documents some of the key characteristics of young people’s labour... Read More...
Published On: 01 Mar 2012


Do youth mentoring programs change the perspectives and improve the life opportunities of at-risk youth?

Mentoring programs such as Big Brothers Big Sisters of America have been providing positive role models and building social skills for more than a century. However, most formal mentoring programs are... Read More...
Published On: 01 May 2014


Does vocational training help young people find a (good) job?

Youth unemployment has increased in many industrialized countries following the recent global recession. However, this reflects not only the cyclical shock, but also the crucial role of institutions i... Read More...
Published On: 01 Jan 2015


The boom in university graduates and the risk of underemployment

As the number of secondary school graduates rises, many developing countries expand the supply of public and private universities or face pressure to do so. However, several factors point to the need... Read More...
Published On: 01 Jul 2015


Consuming Talk: Youth Culture and the Mobile Phone

The growth in mobile phone use over the past decade and the commensurate advent of mobile phone culture can be seen as interrelated with contemporary youth culture. This thesis addresses how young peo... Read More...
Published On: 01 Apr 2010


Social Media and Youth Participatory Politics: A Study of University Students

The present paper investigated the role of social media in youth participatory politics. A survey of university students was conducted in March, 2013. The findings of the present study indicated that... Read More...
Published On: 01 Dec 2013


“If I buy the Kellogg’s then he should [buy] the milk”Young Women’s Perspectives on Relationship Dynamics, Gender Power and HIV Risk in Johannesburg, South Africa

Ideals of masculinity and femininity may limit South African women’s decision making power in relationships and increase their risk of HIV infection. The authors conducted 30 in-depth interviews with... Read More...
Published On: 26 Mar 2012


East meets West

East meets West – why do some South Asian young people feel they need to lead a double identity and how does cultural and religious issues affect them. The purpose of this research is to help local se... Read More...
Published On: 01 Nov 2008


Study of Awareness Regarding Gender Preference and Female Foeticide amongst the Youth of Uttarakhand, India

This study focuses on the Awareness Regarding Gender Preference and Female Foeticide amongst the youth conducted in the state of Uttarakhand, India. A sample of 1300 unmarried youth from the 13 distri... Read More...
Published On: 01 Oct 2013


Report on Youth Employment-Unemployment Scenario (2012-13)

Social, Economic and Demographic changes in the last two decades coupled with globalisation and technological advances have significantly impacted the labour markets in India also. One of the critical... Read More...
Published On: 22 Oct 2013


Responding to the Educational needs of Post-School Youth - Determining the Scope of the Problem and Developing a Capacity-Building Model

The research reflected in this volume indicates that in South Africa there are almost three million youth between the ages of 18 and 24 who are not in education, training or employment – a situation w... Read More...
Published On: 01 Jan 2009


State of the World’s Street Children: Research

State of the World’s Street Children: Research is the second in a series of publications commissioned by the Consortium for Street Children following our 2007 report State of the World’s Street Childr... Read More...
Published On: 01 Dec 2011


Youth and Social Imagination in Africa

Youth are an increasingly compelling subject for study in Africa, entering into political space in highly complex ways. To pay attention to youth is to pay close attention to the topology of the socia... Read More...
Published On: 03 Jul 2000


Investing in Youth: Brazil

This publication builds on the extensive country reviews that the OECD has carried out previously on the youth labour market and vocational education and training (Jobs for Youth, Learning for Jobs an... Read More...
Published On: 01 Apr 2014


Challenges for Youth Employment in Pakistan : Are They Youth-Specific?

This paper analyses the patterns of and the challenges for youth employment in Pakistan and examines whether these challenges are youth-specific. Using the 2005/2006 Labour Force Survey, the analysis... Read More...
Published On: 11 Jan 2011


Street Children in South Africa: Findings from Interviews on the Background of Street Children in Pretoria, South Africa.

In the present study findings from interviews on the background of street children in Pretoria, South Africa are presented, discussed, and compared with research done in the past on South African stre... Read More...
Published On: 01 Dec 1996


Labor Market Policies under a Youth Bulge : How to Benefit from Demographic Dividend in Pakistan

This paper assesses labour market trends and outcomes in Pakistan over the past decade. It shows that despite a high rate of employment growth, labour market outcomes have been disappointing: most job... Read More...
Published On: 01 Dec 2012


Adolescents and young adults in Latin America, critical decisions at a critical age:young adult labour market experience

This study explores and analyses the labour market experience of young adults in 18 Latin American countries. For men, the period of young adulthood (18-25 years of age) was found to be one of smooth... Read More...
Published On: 01 Aug 2002


Gender Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa

This paper examines the issue of gender inequality in education in sub-Saharan Africa. It argues that in sub-Saharan African countries, the provision of education for boys and girls is uneven, and bia... Read More...
Published On: 01 Jan 2012


The Educational Gender Gap in Latin America and the Caribbean

This paper analyses the evolution of gender differences in school attendance and attainment in Latin America and the Caribbean, for both adults who left the educational system and children in school.... Read More...
Published On: 01 Apr 2007


Unbalanced Progress: What Political Dynamics Mean for Education Access and Quality

Harnessing political dynamics to better drive balanced education outcomes, particularly in terms of quality, will not be easy but more can be done. In addition to a strong post-2015 goal on quality, w... Read More...
Published On: 01 Jul 2014


Working Towards a Deeper Understanding of Digital Safety for Children and Young People in Developing Nations

This exploratory study is a first output of an ongoing collaboration between the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and UNICEF. It is intended as a contribution towards buildi... Read More...
Published On: 16 Jun 2010


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